"Manufacturing is the main battlefield for mode change and structural adjustment. Actively adapt to and lead the new normal of economic development, and form new growth drivers. The focus is on manufacturing, while the difficulty lies in manufacturing, and the way out is also in manufacturing. "Made in China 2025" focuses on To solve the prominent contradictions and problems faced by my country's manufacturing industry, to speed up the establishment of a modern industrial system, the 20-character basic policy proposed to guide the development of the manufacturing industry in the next 10 or 30 years must be implemented consistently.
Industrialization is the core of modernization, and making the manufacturing industry bigger and stronger is the only way for China to complete the process of industrialization. Since the mid-nineteenth century, countless people with lofty ideals in the Chinese nation have full of dreams of rejuvenating the country through industry, and have explored the road to an industrial power. After the founding of New China for more than 60 years, China’s manufacturing started from one poor and two whites. It has established a complete modern industrial system from small to large. It has become the world’s largest in scale, supporting my country’s development from a poor and backward agricultural country to a modern industrial country, and then to The transformation of an economic power with global influence. In the new historical period, the central leadership group with Comrade Xi Jinping as the general secretary puts forward the implementation of the strategy of creating a powerful country with a global vision and strategic vision, based on the overall governance of the country. As an action guide to lead the construction of a manufacturing power in the next 10 years and a programmatic document to realize the dream of a manufacturing power in the next 30 years, "Made in China 2025" has fully opened the way for China's manufacturing to become stronger.
Aiming at achieving the "two centenary" goals and enhancing the strategic determination to develop the manufacturing industry
Since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, the Party Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping as the general secretary has keenly grasped the characteristics and historical changes of my country's economic and social development, vividly described the grand blueprint of building a well-off society in all respects and realizing the Chinese dream of the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation, and issued The call of the times to march towards the realization of the "two centenary" goals has a powerful strategic leadership and goal traction. To achieve the goals of the Chinese nation, it is necessary to maintain sustained economic development and continuous social progress. Only by developing a solid material foundation can dreams become reality.
Since modern times, manufacturing has always been the foundation for a country’s economic development and prosperity. The road to power in developed countries such as the United States, Germany, and Japan is based on a strong manufacturing industry with a large scale, optimized structure, strong innovation ability, good development quality, and an outstanding international leading position in the industrial chain. Many developing countries and regions got rid of poverty and backwardness, and realized catching up with or even surpassing developed countries and regions. It was also achieved through the promotion of industrialization and the development of manufacturing. The 2008 international financial crisis once again proved that without solid manufacturing support, the economy will continue to weaken and weaken. In view of this, developed countries have implemented a "re-industrialization" strategy to attract and encourage high-end manufacturing to return to the country; emerging economies are not to be outdone and hope to use more favorable comparative advantages to weave the dream of a manufacturing power. As a large developing country with a population of more than one billion people, to achieve the "two centenary" goals, we must blaze a trail in the challenge of "two-way squeeze", turn challenges into opportunities, strengthen our foundations, and lay a solid foundation. .
My country is in the critical stage of transition from the middle to the latter stage of industrialization. Basically achieving industrialization by 2020 and accelerating the construction of a modern manufacturing power has become an important part of my country's comprehensive construction of a well-off society and the realization of the "Chinese Dream". The manufacturing industry used to be, is now, and will continue to be the pillar and foundation of a strong economy in the future. The determination to develop the manufacturing industry cannot be shaken in the slightest. It can be said that whether China's industrialization process can progress smoothly, whether its momentum can be maintained for a long time, and whether it can stand out in global competition is a key move in the development of China's modernization process. General Secretary Xi Jinping emphasized that “the real economy is the capital of the country, and it is necessary to develop the manufacturing industry, especially the advanced manufacturing industry”. We must firmly grasp the strategic position of manufacturing as the foundation of the nation, deeply implement the strategy of making a strong country, implement the development vision of "Made in China 2025", and strive to become a world-class manufacturing power at the 100th anniversary of the founding of New China, in order to realize China The great national rejuvenation provides strong strategic support.
Focus on accelerating the transformation of development mode and establishing a modern industrial system, strengthening the policy guidelines for the transformation from large to strong
After more than 30 years of rapid growth in reform and opening up, my country’s economy has entered a “new normal” characterized by speed-up shifting, structural transformation, and power conversion. How to maintain the medium-to-high-speed growth and promote the industry to the mid-to-high-end level, the key is to effectively transform the economic development mode and promote the strategic adjustment of the industrial structure. The manufacturing industry is the main battlefield for changing methods and adjusting structures. Actively adapt to and lead the new normal of economic development to form a new growth driver. The focus is on manufacturing, while the difficulty lies in manufacturing, and the way out is also in manufacturing. "Made in China 2025" focuses on solving the prominent contradictions and problems faced by my country's manufacturing industry, and speeds up the establishment of a modern industrial system. The 20-character basic policy proposed to guide the development of the manufacturing industry in the next 10 or 30 years must be implemented consistently.
———Insist on innovation-driven. Innovation is the main engine of manufacturing development. my country's manufacturing industry has weak innovation capabilities, key core technologies are controlled by others, an enterprise-based innovation system is imperfect, industrial common technology research and development, and the lack of industrialization entities are prominent issues. To build a strong manufacturing country, we must take the improvement of independent innovation capabilities as the central link, accelerate the construction of a national manufacturing innovation system, create an institutional environment conducive to innovation, and promote my country to become a leader in global innovation.
———Insist on quality first. High quality is an important sign of a strong manufacturing industry. In recent years, the quality and technical level of products made in China have been continuously improved, but the problems of low-grade products, lack of world-renowned brands, and insufficient development of leading companies are still outstanding. To build a strong manufacturing country, we must take the quality brand as the lifeline, strengthen the main responsibility of the enterprise, improve the policy and regulation system, technical standard system, quality supervision system, advanced quality culture, strengthen quality technology research and independent brand cultivation, and call "Chinese quality". "Chinese brand".
———Insist on green development. Green economy is not only the general trend, but also the key to breaking the constraints of resources, energy and environment. Whether it is based on the huge reliance on global resources and the consideration of enhancing the core competitiveness of future manufacturing, or conforming to the people's expectations and requirements for green mountains and clear waters, the promotion of green manufacturing has reached an urgent juncture. To build a strong manufacturing country, we must accelerate the green transformation and upgrading of the manufacturing industry, comprehensively promote industrial energy conservation, emission reduction and clean production, build an efficient, clean, low-carbon, and circular green manufacturing system, and take the development path of ecological civilization.
———Insist on structural optimization. Adjusting the structure and optimizing the layout run through the entire process of China's manufacturing development. Although my country has gradually formed a complete industrial system, the problems of irrational structure, serious overcapacity, and homogenization of regional development have not yet been fundamentally resolved. To build a manufacturing power, we must accelerate the construction of a high-end leading, future-oriented new modern industrial system as the central task, promote the leap of traditional industries to mid-to-high-end, vigorously develop high-end manufacturing and productive service industries, and promote the coordinated development of large, medium, small and micro enterprises, and continuous optimization Industrial layout, follow the development path of improving quality and efficiency.
———Adhere to talent-oriented. The talent team is the fundamental guarantee for making a strong country. In view of the shortage of leading talents, high-level technical talents, and the lack of a group of outstanding entrepreneurs, high-level management talents and high-quality professional skills, talents should be regarded as the foundation of building a strong manufacturing country, and a sound scientific and reasonable selection of talents should be established. , Employing and educating people, speed up the construction of a high-quality and rationally structured manufacturing talent team, change the "demographic dividend" into a "talent dividend", and take the development path led by talents.
Focus on responding to the new round of technological revolution and industrial transformation, and the path direction of quasi-industrial upgrading
At present, revolutionary breakthroughs and cross-integration in important fields and cutting-edge directions such as information technology, new energy, new materials, and biotechnology are triggering a new round of industrial changes, which will have a disruptive impact on global manufacturing and will gradually change The development pattern of the global manufacturing industry. In particular, the in-depth integration of a new generation of information technology and manufacturing will promote profound changes in manufacturing models, production organization methods, and industrial patterns. Represented by German Industry 4.0, the U.S. Industrial Internet, and New Industry France, the major developed countries focus on establishing competitive advantages in manufacturing, and accelerate their development in information infrastructure, core technology industries, data strategic assets, and network economic systems centered on intelligent manufacturing. Strategically deploy, seek to continue to lead in technology and industry, and occupy a favorable position in the global value chain of high-end manufacturing. This will undoubtedly bring challenges to the upgrading of my country's industrial structure, but it will also bring important opportunities to the development of my country's manufacturing industry.
After a long time of catching up and accumulating, the gap between my country and the world’s cutting-edge technology in many fields is at the smallest period in history. It has the ability to follow up this round of technological revolution and industrial transformation in parallel, and accelerate the transformation and upgrading of manufacturing industry and innovation and development. . "Made in China 2025" always runs through a theme, which is to accelerate the in-depth integration of a new generation of ICT and manufacturing. Unlike developed countries that are moving towards 4.0 on the basis of industry 3.0, a considerable part of my country's manufacturing industry still stays at 3.0 or even 2.0, and only some of the leading industries are comparable to 4.0. To implement "Made in China 2025", it is necessary to properly handle the relationship between 2.0 popularization, 3.0 supplementary lessons and 4.0 catch-up, strengthen basic industrial capabilities, improve comprehensive integration levels, promote intelligent manufacturing as a starting point, cultivate new production methods, and promote digital manufacturing networks Intelligentization.
Continue to do a good job on the in-depth integration of informatization and industrialization. Accelerate the transformation and upgrading of traditional industries, promote the intelligent transformation of industry production equipment, and promote the comprehensive integration of new information technologies such as mobile Internet, cloud computing, big data, and Internet of Things in the entire process of enterprise research and development, manufacturing, management, service, and the entire industry chain. Application, improve precision manufacturing, agile manufacturing capabilities, let old trees bloom new flowers, refine and strengthen traditional industries. Accelerate the development of smart manufacturing, promote the in-depth application and industrialization of smart core devices, build an autonomous, controllable, open, orderly, and competitive smart manufacturing ecosystem, actively build digital workshops, smart factories, and upgrade manufacturing equipment and products. Level, let new shoots grow into big trees, and make high-end industries bigger and stronger. Vigorously develop new information consumption, cultivate new products, new business models and new models based on the industrial Internet, create a vibrant entrepreneurial innovation ecosystem, and stimulate public entrepreneurship and innovation. Adhere to independent R&D and open cooperation, accelerate the establishment of a modern information technology industry system, promote the construction of next-generation national information infrastructure and the transformation and development of the communications industry, improve the comprehensive network and information security system, and provide for the deep integration of the two technologies and the establishment of a network power Foundation support.
Responding to the downward pressure on the economy and achieving a good start to the "Thirteenth Five-Year Plan", accelerating the deployment of major decisions and taking root
At present, affected by the "three-phase superposition", the downward pressure on my country's economy continues to increase, the deep-seated contradictions are prominent, the differentiation between industries and regions is obvious, the production and operation of some industrial enterprises are difficult, and the situation facing economic operations has become more complicated and more complicated. severe. For stable and long-term economic development, we must first lay a solid foundation. The implementation of "Made in China 2025" and a good combination of short-term policies and long-term strategies will not only help consolidate the advantages and pillars of the manufacturing industry, strengthen the endurance of the "long-distance running" made in China, but will also stimulate the release of market vitality and foster more new developments. China’s economic growth points and growth poles have laid a solid foundation for a good start to the "13th Five-Year Plan".
In response to the current trend of increasing downward pressure on the economy, focusing on five major projects, including the construction of a national manufacturing innovation center, intelligent manufacturing, strong industrial base, green development, and high-end equipment innovation, we will promptly launch a batch of urgent needs, good preliminary conditions, and existing infrastructure. Facilitate the current and long-term key projects, accelerate the formation of effective investment, create new consumption hotspots, promote product and technology upgrades, support the "going global" of major equipment and international cooperation with superior production capacity, and promote the realization of "speed regulation without deceleration and volume growth" Better quality".
Facing the needs of future global competition, in accordance with the "four comprehensive" strategic layout, integrate the implementation of the strategy of manufacturing a strong country into the country's overall development strategy, and innovation-driven development strategy, talent-powered country strategy, opening strategy, military-civilian integration development strategy, and network construction Regional development strategies such as a powerful country and the "One Belt and One Road" are closely integrated and developed in coordination. Focus on the four major industrial bases of R&D, market, enterprise and talents, create a complete policy system that supports the mid-to-high end of the industry, reduce the burden on enterprises, relax manufacturing, escort creation, and create a social atmosphere that encourages down-to-earth and industrial prosperity.
To implement "Made in China 2025", we must give full play to our institutional advantages. It is necessary to accelerate the establishment of a working mechanism to promote the construction of a manufacturing power, under the overall coordination of the National Manufacturing Power Building Leading Group, give full play to the decision-making support role of the Strategic Advisory Committee, mobilize all forces, target key areas, pay close attention to key links, and implement policies Support and push forward all aspects of work steadily and steadily.
We are standing at the intersection of history and the future, and the great journey of building a strong nation is clearly unfolding. Adhere to the new industrialization path with Chinese characteristics, unify strategic determination, policy guidance, path direction, and policy support in the great practice of the "three-step" strategy of a manufacturing powerhouse, and the goal of making China from a large scale to a strong one will surely be achieved.
Source: People's Daily